or by separate packages


Extract of drawing with a fine line (1/10eme mm) Study of drawing from photos, sketches, try of colors, ...

After composition, the drawing is prepared on a final scale.
It is possible to add the legend of wood to be used, to make a preliminary draft, to number the pieces, to divide into storage areas (for great work), and to add the preparation of the ranges which will be carried out by browning.
A tool of CAD (drawing assisted by PC) can be of a great help. This kind of tool amongst other things makes it possible to draw fine lines (1/10 eme mm)

See composition's animation. Animation of composition of the drawing See CAD applied to marquetry animation. Animation of CAD applied to marquetry


Cutting of patterns of paper Sort patterns by color

After realization of copies of the plan, it is necessary to carry out cutting paper coin by coin. The reason for which it is necessary to use several copies is that, on only one drawing, one cannot have the patterns of each element, with the margin of the saw line.


Venners are repaired, assembled by packets, ... ... to give stiffness, then sometimes covered by paper all the surface, ...

For use, it is necessary to level wood, to repair the delicate parts, to ensure of it rigidity by superposition and use of laminates. Plating can be manufactured by sawing, cutting or unwinding; according to the manufacturing method, it has a thickness from 0,5 to 1 mm, sometimes more.


Choice of sky in a piece of Ako (Ayous) Veneers are choosen by color, texture, wire, solidity, ...
One finds "veneers" very coloured: To represent the foliages, the paving stones, the walls, one can use "magnifying glasses", "brambles", flecked woods... In the choice, one must hold account of the finished aspect, as well as future ageing of wood. Paper is then stuck on selected plating.


Hanging saw's blade Cutting is very precise and requires dexterity, habit, and precision.

Wood is then cut out with the saw. In order to allow the cutting of the curved parts, the blade used has a "way" (thickness) of 0,34 mm, that is to say 1/3 of mm : blades Pebecco n° 3. As any craftsman of wood knows it, the direction of fibres of material is very important, because wood is much more breakable with "against-wire".

Pieces are placed in tablets ... ... in the order of assembly
Pieces are then placed in tablets, waiting the total end of cutting before assembly.

Photographs and details of the machine Julia 2.      Détails de la machine Julia 2


Browning pieces with hot sand Different sizes of browning spades, for curves

If one wishes to obtain a gradation, the parts are plunged in hot sand. Long and delicate operation, because one needs shade without burning. Temperature of sand, duration, depth, type and thickness of wood are as many parameters which must be taken into account.

Browning by hot sand Other example of tool by Pierre Gaboriaud

Example of result of browning by hot sand, on the swans, the reflect in the water

One can judge possibilities of browning on the swans and water.


Assembling on a kraft with hot glue Heating system of glue, by Pierre Gaboriaud

The parts are laid out in shelves. Then carry out a provisional maintain of the parts using hot glue ; this operation is made on one of scale, which makes it possible to work on the place and by giving a good positioning of the parts; this operation is made on the back of work, in order to have a final work rights.
This practice offers the advantage of the solid maintenance of the pieces of wood which one sticks to one; it facilitates also the takeoff of paper after joining under press, which is removed easily by wetting it.

Assembling rights, with adhesive paper Assembling ended, visible on the back

Note (another method) : Another technique lies in the use of adhesive paper : Each piece of venner is maintained with some drawing pins, while assembling. This method less professional permits to change easily pieces not correct that can be done again, or cutted y the window method.


Joining at the back, with vinylic glue Detail of panels under press

Marquetry thus finished is stuck on its support using press; these presses are generally produced using several "frames". The adhesive is placed at the back of the panel, or better directly on the support. Use of work depends the choice on the adhesive : Neoprene, vinyl, hot adhesive....
Note: The cabinetmakers use the hot adhesive which allows a takeoff of marquetry to allow a future restoration ; for example, if marquetry is scaled or if the piece of furniture worked.

To press curved drawers, boxes rounded... modern technology enables us to use vacuum presses, made up of a solid plastic pocket and a vacuum pump of air. See Tools page

Press sawn timber


Sticking paper is removed onthe place. This must be done very delicately not to tear off wood most fragile. Then work is sandpapered after scraping with the scraper, whose technique of sharpening is not always easy.
It is necessary to use fine sandpaper, then to finish by a glossing to eliminate the residues from dust.


The details can be carried out in pyrogravure.
According to the use, one can apply a varnish to the plug, one filled-beeswax, or a simple completion containing beeswax. It is this technique which I practise for the pictures, because I find that it does not hide the errors as can do it a varnish, and leaves the possibility of the "touch"

According to this method, it is possible to carry out landscapes, portraits, scenes, complex florets and this starting from a quantity of varied veneers ; this with a decorative aim, tables, objects, furniture...
One can also represent reasons known as "misleads the eye" which give the illusion of the perspective.

Lastly, an alternative described by Yves le Chevalier is here illustrated:

method element by element with use of the 
possibilities offered by latex, Y. le Chevalier

The method consists in using pure latex to stick various phases : the reason on plating to be cut out, a strong paperboard for protection under this plating, before cutting, and the assembly of the parts cut out on a specimen of the reason.

The goal of this process is to allow: an easy repositioning of the pieces, the very simple removal of papers, paperboards... at the time of the following phases.

The hot adhesive is used to consolidate plating on kraft and the vinyl adhesive with final joining on the support.
The latex is presented in liquid form out of pot, and thus is used with the brush, knowing that the product evaporate quickly, and the brush must be cleaned with a suitable thinner.

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